Diseases

Broken heart syndrome Symptoms

Valentine day can hurt

For some it’s bitter, not sweet. Just another day to stagger through the fog of loss.

As we approach Valentine’s day. People are usually thinking about the absence and presence of some special in their life. For some, the feeling of loneliness, loss, disappointment can be overwhelming this occasion. People who have been in lucky love said to suffer from “broken heart.” A broken heart is actually a medical condition called “Broken heart syndrome.”, which occur during highly stressful or emotional times, such as a painful breakup, the death of a spouse or the loss of jobs.

Broken heart syndrome

Broken heart syndrome, also known as stress cardiomyopathy is a type of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy, which there is a sudden temporary weakening of the muscular portion of the heart. It is also called a temporary heart condition that’s often brought on by stressful situations, such as the death of a loved one. The condition can also be triggered by a serious physical illness, surgery and other conditions. People with broken heart syndrome may complain about sudden chest pain or think they’re having a heart attack.

In this syndrome, there’s a temporary disruption of your heart’s normal pumping function in one area of the heart. The remainder part of heart work with forceful contraction. Broken heart syndrome may be caused by the heart’s reaction to a surge of stress hormones due to any uncertain condition of life.

The condition may also be called takotsubo cardiomyopathy, apical ballooning syndrome or stress cardiomyopathy by cardiologists. The broken heart syndrome symptoms are treatable, and the condition usually reverses itself in days or weeks or take some more time.

Broken heart syndrome Symptoms

Broken heart syndrome symptoms can mimic a heart attack. Common symptoms include:

  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

Any long-lasting chest pain could be a sign of a heart attack, so it’s important to take it seriously and call 911 if you experience chest pain.

When to see a doctor

If you’re having any severe, comprehensive chest pain, a very rapid or irregular heartbeat, or shortness of breath after a stressful event, call emergency medical assistance immediately.

Causes

The exact causes of the heartbroken syndrome are unclear. It’s thought that of a stress hormone. Such as adrenaline (neurotransmitter), might temporarily damage the hearts of some people. A temporary constriction of the large or small arteries (coronary artery) of the heart has been suspected to play a role.

The broken heart syndrome is often preceded by an intense physical or emotional event like happiness, sadness, fear and many more. Some potential triggers of broken heart syndrome are:

  • News of unexpected death of a loved one
  • A frightening medical diagnosis
  • Domestic abuse
  • Losing—or even winning lots of money
  • Strong arguments
  • A surprise party
  • Having to perform publicly
  • Job loss
  • Divorce

Physical stressors, such as asthma attack, car accident or major surgery

It’s also possible that some drugs. Rarely, may cause broken heart syndrome by causing a surge of stress hormone. These are some drugs that may contribute to broken heart syndrome:

Epinephrine (EpiPen, EpiPen jr), which is used to treat severe allergic reactions or severe asthma attack

Duloxetine (cymbalta), a medication given to treat nerve problems in people with diabetes, or treatment of major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder.

Venlafaxine (effexor XR), which is used as treatment for depression

Levothyroxine (synthroiud, Levoxyl), a drug given to people whose thyroid glands don’t work properly

How broken heart syndrome can be differentiated from a heart attack?

Heart attacks occur when one or more of your coronary arteries became blocked. This blockage is due to a blood clot forming at the site of narrowing from fatty buildup (atherosclerosis) in the wall of the coronary artery. In broken heart syndrome, the heart arteries are not blocked, although blood flow in the arteries of the heart may be reduced due to many factors.

Complications

In rare cases, broken heart syndrome is fatal. The one who experience broken heart syndrome quickly recover and don’t have long-lasting effects.

Other complications of broken heart syndrome include:

  • Backup of fluid into your lungs (pulmonary edema)
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Disruptions in your heartbeat
  • Heart failure

It’s also possible that if you may have broken heart syndrome again if you have another stressful event. however, the odds of happening are low.

Summary

Broken heart syndrome refers to a disease of the heart muscle. it causes the heart muscle to enlarged, thick or rigid. The broken heart syndrome symptoms include chest pain and shortness of breath. Broken heart syndrome is also called cardiomyopathy. the heart becomes worsen when cardiomyopathy gets severe. It is better to control your stress, emotion and any trigger that aggravate the emotion to control the problem (broken heart syndrome).

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